Vilém Tauský CBE (July 20, 1910 - March 16, 2004) was a Czech conductor and composer. He was born in Přerov, Moravia.
He studied with Leoš Janáček and, at the age of 19, conducted Giacomo Puccini's Turandot in Brno. The rise of the Nazis forced him to move to France and then to the United Kingdom.
On 26 December 1953 Tauský became possibly the only conductor to conduct two operas at Covent Garden on the same day, with a performance of Engelbert Humperdinck's Hansel and Gretel in the afternoon and Giuseppe Verdi's Il Trovatore in the evening.
He was conductor of the BBC Concert Orchestra from 1956 to 1967. He regularly appeared with this orchestra on the BBC Light Programme's long-running weekly show Friday Night is Music Night. In 1966 he joined the Guildhall School, and was Director of Opera and the Head of Conducting until 1992. In 1979, he published a volume of his memoirs under the title Vilem Tausky Tells his Story. In 1981 he was named a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).